Monthly Word / La palabra del mes
|May 2004 ~ Spanish that Works Review
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/ AYE (there is, there are)
can use hay / AYE to ask if things are available:
teléfono? (Is there a telephone?)
¿Hay preguntas? (Are there any questions?)
¿Hay tortillas? (Are there any tortillas?)
hay clase? (Isn't there class?)
¿No hay tortillas en la mesa? (Aren't there any tortillas on the table?)
that the English translation often sounds better if you use the word "any" when
you are asking about something in the plural.)
about how many
word hay / aye is often used to talk about how many there are:
tres estudiantes. (There are three students.)
Hay dos galletas. (There are two cookies.)
¿Cuántos hay? (How many are there?)
word hay appears in some other useful constructions:
hay de qué. (Don't mention it, you're welcome.)
This expression is a little more formal than "de nada," but it is used.
que... + infinitive (It's necessary to...one must...)
Example: Hay que llenar el formulario. (You must fill out the form.)
well-known "dicho" or popular saying with hay is:
que llamar al pan, pan y al vino, vino.
Literal translation: You must call the bread, bread, and the wine, wine.
Meaning: Speak plainly, and don't use euphemisms.
English equivalent: You have to call a spade a spade.
Imagine yourself in an Indiana Jones movie.
You've just been served a large bowl of hot steaming soup.
Suddenly, you realize there is a large, floating eye in your bowl.
you scream. "There's an EYE in my soup!"
remember it this way:
is (eye) = hay (there is, there are).
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